The environment is one of the key factors in the emergence of intelligent creatures, but it has received little attention within the Evolutionary Robotics literature. This article investigates the effects of changing environments on morphological and behavioral traits of evolvable robots. In particular, we extend a previous study by evolving robot populations under diverse changing-environment setups, varying the magnitude, frequency, duration, and dynamics of the changes. The results show that long-lasting effects of early generations occur not only when transitioning from easy to hard conditions, but also when going from hard to easy conditions. Furthermore, we demonstrate how the impact of environmental scaffolding is dependent on the nature of the environmental changes involved.

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