This article is a response to Rasmussen et al. [Artificial Life, 7, 329–350], in which the authors suggest that, within a particular simulation “framework,” there is a tight correspondence between the complexity of the primitive objects and the emergence of dynamical hierarchies. As an example they report a two-dimensional artificial chemistry that supports the spontaneous emergence of micellar structures, which they classify as third-order structures. We report in this article that essentially comparable phenomena can be produced with relatively simpler primitive objects. We also question the order classification of the micellar structures.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.