Abstract

Turn-taking behavior is simulated in a coupled-agents system. Each agent is modeled as a mobile robot with two wheels. A recurrent neural network is used to produce the motor outputs and to hold the internal dynamics. Agents are developed to take turns on a two-dimensional arena by causing the network structures to evolve. Turn taking is established using either regular or chaotic behavior of the agents. It is found that chaotic turn takers are more sensitive in response to inputs from the other agent. Conversely, regular turn takers are comparatively robust against noisy inputs, owing to their restricted dynamics. From many observations, including turn taking with virtual agents, we claim that there is a complementary relationship between robustness and adaptability. Furthermore, by investigating the recoupling of agents from different GA generations, we report the emergence of a new turn-taking behavior. Potential for synthesizing a new form of interaction is another characteristic of chaotic turn takers.

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