A new firing scheme for cellular automata in which only one rule is fired at a time produces myriad patterns. In addition to geometric patterns, natural patterns such as flowers and snow crystals were also generated. This study proposes an efficient method identifying the patterns using a minimal number of digits. Complexity of the generated patterns is discussed in terms of the shapes and colors of the patterns.

This content is only available as a PDF.

Author notes


School of Mechanical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Kyongsan, 712-749, South Korea. E-mail: jkshin@yu.ac.kr