In order for an artificial life (Alife) system to evolve complex creatures, an artificial environment prepared by a designer has to satisfy several conditions. To clarify this requirement, we first assume that an artificial environment implemented in the computational medium is composed of an information space in which elementary symbols move around and react with each other according to human-prepared elementary rules. As fundamental properties of these factors (space, symbols, transportation, and reaction), we present ten criteria from a comparison with the biochemical reaction space in the real world. Then, in the latter half of the article, we take several computational Alife systems one by one, and assess them in terms of the proposed criteria. The assessment can be used not only for improving previous Alife systems but also for devising new Alife models in which complex forms of artificial creatures can be expected to evolve.

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