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Publisher: Journals Gateway
Artificial Life (2011) 17 (2): 123–136.
Published: 01 April 2011
AbstractView article PDF
This article presents an abstract computation model of the evolution of camouflage in nature. The 2D model uses evolved textures for prey , a background texture representing the environment , and a visual predator . A human observer, acting as the predator, is shown a cohort of 10 evolved textures overlaid on the background texture. The observer clicks on the five most conspicuous prey to remove (“eat”) them. These lower-fitness textures are removed from the population and replaced with newly bred textures. Biological morphogenesis is represented in this model by procedural texture synthesis . Nested expressions of generators and operators form a texture description language. Natural evolution is represented by genetic programming (GP), a variant of the genetic algorithm . GP searches the space of texture description programs for those that appear least conspicuous to the predator.