This paper argues that there is a role for regional-level institutions of banking regulation in the ASEAN region. This is particularly important in an environment of increasing financial integration and harmonization, including exposures to shocks from volatile capital flows and cross-border banking institutions. The paper examines four aspects of financial regulation: microprudential regulation, macroprudential regulation, resolution capacity and deposit insurance, and a financial safety net. The paper argues that EU regional banking regulation provides a useful reference point, but the lower degree of credit market openness in ASEAN implies that a more nuanced approach can be adopted, and makes specific recommendations.

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