The economic rise of China is having wide-ranging repercussions in ASEAN and the rest of the world. ASEAN perceives both threat and opportunity from China's economic success: the threat arises from the size and rapid growth of China's economy and the competition for export markets and foreign direct investment; the opportunity arises from possible increases in both exports to China's rapidly growing market and Chinese investment in ASEAN enterprises. ASEAN has embarked on deeper and faster integration toward an ASEAN Economic Community to meet these challenges and is simultaneously engaged in several ASEAN+1 initiatives to further improve its economic efficiency and market access. This paper explores the increasing competition and cooperation between ASEAN and China.

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