Digital Work in the Planetary Market  
The MIT Press–International Development Research Centre Series  
Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development, edited by Matthew L. Smith  
and Katherine M. A. Reilly  
Public Access ICT across Cultures: Diversifying Participation in the Network Society, edited by Francisco  
J. Proenza  
Shadow Libraries: Access to Knowledge in Global Higher Education, edited by Joe Karaganis  
Digital Economies at Global Margins, edited by Mark Graham  
Making Open Development Inclusive: Lessons from IDRC Research, edited by Matthew L. Smith and  
Ruhiya Kristine Seward  
Critical Perspectives on Open Development: Empirical Interrogation of Theory Construction, edited by  
Arul Chib, Caitlin M. Bentley, and Matthew L. Smith  
Digital Work in the Planetary Market, edited by Mark Graham and Fabian Ferrari  
Digital Work in the Planetary Market  
Edited by Mark Graham and Fabian Ferrari  
The MIT Press  
Cambridge, Massachusetts  
London, England  
International Development Research Centre  
Ottawa • Amman • Dakar • Montevideo • Nairobi • New Delhi  
© 2022 Contributors  
This work is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY 4.0) International License.  
Subject to such license, all rights are reserved.  
Published by the MIT Press.  
A copublication with  
International Development Research Centre  
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The research presented in this publication was carried out with the financial assistance of Canada’s  
International Development Research Centre. The views expressed herein do not necessarily repre-  
sent those of IDRC or its Board of Governors.  
The MIT Press would like to thank the anonymous peer reviewers who provided comments on  
drafts of this book. The generous work of academic experts is essential for establishing the author-  
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data  
Names: Graham, Mark, 1980– editor. | Ferrari, Fabian, editor.  
Title: Digital work in the planetary market / edited by Mark Graham and Fabian Ferrari.  
Description: Cambridge, Massachusetts : The MIT Press, 2022. | Series: The MIT Press-International  
Development Research Centre series | Includes bibliographical references and index.  
Identifiers: LCCN 2021037262 | ISBN 9780262543767 (paperback)  
Subjects: LCSH: Employees—Effect of technological innovations on—Case studies. |  
Industrial productivity—Effect of technological innovations on—Case studies. |  
Electronic commerce—Case studies.  
Classification: LCC HD6331 .D527 2022 | DDC 331.25—dc23/eng/20211208  
LC record available at