An update summary should provide a fluent summarization of new information on a time-evolving topic, assuming that the reader has already reviewed older documents or summaries. In 2007 and 2008, an annual summarization evaluation included an update summarization task. Several participating systems produced update summaries indistinguishable from human-generated summaries when measured using ROUGE. However, no machine system performed near human-level performance in manual evaluations such as pyramid and overall responsiveness scoring.

We present a metric called Nouveau-ROUGE that improves correlation with manual evaluation metrics and can be used to predict both the pyramid score and overall responsiveness for update summaries. Nouveau-ROUGE can serve as a less expensive surrogate for manual evaluations when comparing existing systems and when developing new ones.

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Author notes


Institute for Defense Analyses, Center for Computing Sciences, 17100 Science Drive, Bowie, MD 20715 USA. E-mail: {judith,conroy}


Computer Science Department, Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 USA. E-mail: