Animals develop spatial recognition through visuomotor integrated experiences. In nature, animals change their behavior during development and develop spatial recognition. The developmental process of spatial recognition has been previously studied. However, it is unclear how behavior during development affects the development of spatial recognition. To investigate the effect of movement pattern (behavior) on spatial recognition, we simulated the development of spatial recognition using controlled behaviors. Hierarchical recurrent neural networks (HRNNs) with multiple time scales were trained to predict visuomotor sequences of a simulated mobile agent. The spatial recognition developed with HRNNs was compared for various values of randomness of the agent’s movement. The experimental results show that spatial recognition was not developed for movements with a randomness that was too small or too large but for movements with intermediate randomness.

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