Abstract

Our previous study showed that embodied cultured neural networks and spiking neural networks with spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) can learn a behavior as they avoid stimulation from outside. In a sense, the embodied neural network can autonomously change their activity to avoid external stimuli. In this paper, as a result of our experiments using cultured neurons, we find that there is also a second property allowing the network to avoid stimulation: if the network cannot learn to avoid the external stimuli, it tends to decrease the stimulus-evoked spikes as if to ignore the input neurons. We also show such a behavior is reproduced by spiking neural networks with asymmetric-STDP. We consider that these properties can be regarded as autonomous regulation of self and non-self for the network.

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