Abstract

This paper investigates the evolution of modular robots using different selection preferences (i.e., fitness functions), aiming at novelty, speed of locomotion, number of limbs, and combinations of these. The outcomes are analyzed from different perspectives: sampling of the search space, evolved morphologies, and evolved behaviors. This results in a wealth of findings, including a surprise about the number of sampled regions of the search space and the effect of different fitness functions on the evolved morphologies.

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