The evolution of robots, when applied to both the morphologies and the controllers, is not only a means to obtain highquality robot designs, but also a process that results in many body brain-fitness data points. Inspired by this perspective, in this paper we investigate the relative importance of robot bodies and brains for a good fitness. We introduce a method to isolate and quantify the effect of the bodies and brains on the quality of the robots and perform a case study. The method is general in that it is not restricted to evolutionary systems. for the case study, we use a system of modular robots, where the bodies are evolvable and the brains are evolvable and learnable. These case studies validate the usefulness of our method and deliver interesting insights into the interplay between bodies and brains in evolutionary robotics.

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