The emergence of novel forms in evolution can be viewed as the exploration of new regions in evolutionary space. This study investigates exploratory dynamics in evolutionary spaces through the empirical analysis of a social tagging system, which considers tags as an evolving entity and the tag set space as an evolutionary space. Dimensionality reduction showed distribution of a tag set in high dimensional tag set space embedded in 2-dimensional space and suggested that the new use of common tags was explored around common use, while new use of an uncommon tag was explored multi-regionally. Exploratory paths of evolution in tag set space were visualized as directed networks, and they exhibited structures called “branch” and “bunch.” The former suggests exploration deep into the space and the latter indicates wide exploration. These two modes of exploration imply exploration dynamics in evolutionary space in a mining-like manner in which prospects deposit novel tag sets by digging deep and excavating a wide area of strata with deposits.

This content is only available as a PDF.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For a full description of the license, please visit