Results of Birmingham's city-council elections throughout a ninety-year period show that electoral bias had a significant impact on the success of particular parties during different phases of party-system development. Although the electoral system tends to favor large parties, its bias toward Labor since World War II has been extraordinary. At times, it was the crucial factor in determining control of the city's administration.
This content is only available as a PDF.
© 2004 Massachusetts Institute of Technology and The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Inc.