After the Monkey Trial tells the “story of Christians who remained theologically conservative, but refused to take up arms against modern science—those who sought to show the compatibility of biblical Christianity and mainstream science, including evolution” (ix). The book focuses primarily on two organizations, the American Scientific Affiliation (asa) and the Research Scientists’ Christian Fellowship (rscf), and the individuals associated with them who exemplified this complex negotiation between conservative Christianity and modern science. From the outset, Rios observes that academic historians of religion and science have moved beyond a conflict thesis in the past few decades. However, he states, many who have debunked science–religion conflict as a general thesis still endorse a vision of inherent conflict between “conservative Christianity and modern science” (10). In giving voice to the history of these organizations, Rios makes an important contribution to the history of evolution and religion in Britain...

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