Cowan’s Moral Majorities across the Americas is a Brazilian-focused transnational study of the New Right, with a focus on Catholic and evangelical Protestant versions of social conservatism that supported a right-wing military dictatorship that governed Brazil from 1964–1985. According to Cowan, the alliance that Brazilian religious conservatives made with a military dictatorship over issues of sex, gender, and anti-communism will give new, transnational-based answers to the question of why free-market, neoliberal economics and political authoritarianism have proven to be so attractive to religious conservatives not only in Brazil but also in the United States and elsewhere.

Despite its claims of being a transnational history, Cowan’s primary research focuses almost entirely on Brazilian sources, supplemented with a few archival collections from U.S. conservatives who interacted with the Brazilian religious right. The book is thus more of a Brazilian-based history presented with an eye toward developments in the United States than a...

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