Bronson (1974) reviewed evidence in support of the claim that the development of visually guided behavior in the human infant over the first few months of life represents a shift from subcortical to cortical visual processing. Recently, this view has been brought into question for two reasons; first, evidence revealing apparently sophisticated perceptual abilities in the newborn, and second, increasing evidence for multiple cortica streams of visual processing. The present paper presents a reanalysis of the relation between the maturation of cortical pathways and the development of visually guided behavior, focusing in particular on how the maturational state of the primary visual cortex may constrain the functioning of neural pathways subserving oculomotor control.

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