The problem of processing visual motion is underconstrained—many possible real world motions are compatible with any given dynamic retinal image. Recent psychophysical and neurophysiological experiments have shown that the primate visual system's normally veridical interpretation of moving patterns is attained through utilization of image segmentation cues unrelated to motion per se. These findings challenge notions of modularity in which it is assumed that the processing of specific scene properties, such as motion, can be studied in isolation from other visual processes. We discuss the implications of these findings with regard to both experimental and computational approaches to the study of visual motion.

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