In the late 1980s, the commercialization of digital reproduction technology led copy art in a new direction, ushering in a new era of events with global impact and significance. Among these events was the second International Electrography and Copy Art Biennial, held in Valencia, Spain, in October 1988, which commemorated the 50th anniversary of the first electrophotographic copy. This landmark occasion marked the beginning of a new and prosperous digital era that would continue throughout the following decade and was spearheaded by artists of the so-called third generation.

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