Abstract

Recent advances in biology allow interference with normal animal development, making possible the creation of novel live organisms. The author's project explores this potential through her work in a laboratory creating live adult butterflies with wing patterns modified for artistic purposes. Although these patterns are determined by direct human intervention, they are made exclusively of normal live cells. As genes from the germ line are left untouched, the new patterns are not transmitted to the offspring. Therefore, this form of art literally lives and dies. It is simultaneously art and life.

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Author notes

Marta de Menezes is a Portuguese artist with advanced degrees in fine arts, from the University of Lisbon, and the history of art and visual culture, from the University of Oxford. For several years, she has been working in the interface between art and biology, exploring the use of biological materials and technology as a new art medium, using research laboratories as art studios.