Tiwa, a Tibeto-Burman language of India, has an obligatory wide scope disjunction particle that must outscope the directive force of imperatives. I argue that the behavior of wide scope disjunction in Tiwa provides evidence in favor of theories of imperative meaning that derive directive force from an operator in the semantics proper (e.g., Kaufmann 2012) over purely pragmatic theories (e.g., Portner 2004, 2007). Specifically, I argue that the disjunction must be able to outscope the imperative operator in order to capture the attested reading.
Skip Nav Destination
January 05 2022
Outscoping the Directive Force of Imperatives
Online Issn: 1530-9150
Print Issn: 0024-3892
© 2020 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Linguistic Inquiry (2022) 53 (1): 155–167.
- Share Icon Share
- Views Icon Views
- Search Site
Virginia Dawson; Outscoping the Directive Force of Imperatives. Linguistic Inquiry 2022; 53 (1): 155–167. doi: https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00402
Download citation file: