Linguistic processes tend to respect locality constraints. In this article, we analyze the distribution of conjugation classes in Armenian verbs. We analyze a type of tense allomorphy that applies across these classes. We show that on the surface, this allomorphy is long-distance. Specifically, it is sensitive to the interaction of multiple morphemes that are neither linearly nor structurally adjacent. However, we argue that this allomorphy respects “relativized adjacency” (Toosarvandani 2016) or tier-based locality (Aksënova, Graf, and Moradi 2016). While not surface-local, the interaction in Armenian verbs is local on a tier projected from morphological features. This formal property of tier-based locality is substantively manifested as phase-based locality in Armenian (cf. Marvin 2002). In addition to being well-studied computationally, tier-based locality allows us to capture superficially nonlocal morphological processes while respecting the crosslinguistic tendency of locality. We speculate that tier-based locality is a crosslinguistic tendency in long-distance allomorphy, while phase-based locality is not necessarily so.
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June 23 2023
Relativized Locality: Phases and Tiers in Long-Distance Allomorphy in Armenian
In Special Collection: CogNet
Online ISSN: 1530-9150
Print ISSN: 0024-3892
© 2021 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Linguistic Inquiry (2023) 54 (3): 505–545.
Hossep Dolatian, Peter Guekguezian; Relativized Locality: Phases and Tiers in Long-Distance Allomorphy in Armenian. Linguistic Inquiry 2023; 54 (3): 505–545. doi: https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00456
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