Abstract

This paper discusses what happens when locality requirements—which favor short dependencies—come into conflict with anti-locality requirements—which rule out dependencies which are too short. It is argued that in such circumstances, certain locality requirements may be minimally violated so that the anti-locality requirement is satisfied. A theory along these lines is shown to derive a pervasive pattern of non-iterative symmetry in A-movement—found in Haya and Luganda (Bantu), Tongan (Austronesian), and Japanese—in which the highest two arguments in a domain may undergo A-movement, but A-movement of lower arguments is systematically banned. The paper concludes with some discussion of how interactions of this sort might be modeled in the grammar.

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