Dietterich (1998) reviews five statistical tests and proposes the 5 × 2 cvt test for determining whether there is a significant difference between the error rates of two classifiers. In our experiments, we noticed that the 5 × 2 cvt test result may vary depending on factors that should not affect the test, and we propose a variant, the combined 5 × 2 cv F test, that combines multiple statistics to get a more robust test. Simulation results show that this combined version of the test has lower type I error and higher power than 5 × 2 cv proper.

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