A long-standing problem in neural computation has been the problem of connectedness, first identified by Minsky and Papert (1969). This problem served as the cornerstone for them to establish analytically that perceptrons are fundamentally limited in computing geometrical (topological) properties. A solution to this problem is offered by a different class of neural networks: oscillator networks. To solve the problem, the representation of oscillatory correlation is employed, whereby one pattern is represented as a synchronized block of oscillators and different patterns are represented by distinct blocks that desynchronize from each other. Oscillatory correlation emerges from LEGION (locally excitatory globally inhibitory oscillator network), whose architecture consists of local excitation and global inhibition among neural oscillators. It is further shown that these oscillator networks exhibit sensitivity to topological structure, which may lay a neurocomputational foundation for explaining the psychophysical phenomenon of topological perception.

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