Gaussian processes are powerful regression models specified by parameterized mean and covariance functions. Standard approaches to choose these parameters (known by the name hyperparameters) are maximum likelihood and maximum a posteriori. In this article, we propose and investigate predictive approaches based on Geisser's predictive sample reuse (PSR) methodology and the related Stone's cross-validation (CV) methodology. More specifically, we derive results for Geisser's surrogate predictive probability (GPP), Geisser's predictive mean square error (GPE), and the standard CV error and make a comparative study. Within an approximation we arrive at the generalized cross-validation (GCV) and establish its relationship with the GPP and GPE approaches. These approaches are tested on a number of problems. Experimental results show that these approaches are strongly competitive with the existing approaches.

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