Humans can recover the three-dimensional structure of moving objects from their changing two-dimensional retinal image, in the absence of other cues to three-dimensional structure (Wallach and O'Connell 1953; Braunstein 1976). In this paper, we describe a patient, A.F., with bilateral lesions involving the visual cortex who is severely impaired on computing local-speed and global-motion fields, but who can recover structure from motion. The data suggest that although possibly useful, global-motion fields are not necessary for deriving structure from motion. We discuss these results from the perspective of theoretical models for this computation.

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