For any memoryless communication channel with a binary-valued input and a one-dimensional real-valued output, we introduce a probabilistic lower bound on the mutual information given empirical observations on the channel. The bound is built on the Dvoretzky-Kiefer-Wolfowitz inequality and is distribution free. A quadratic time algorithm is described for computing the bound and its corresponding class-conditional distribution functions. We compare our approach to existing techniques and show the superiority of our bound to a method inspired by Fano’s inequality where the continuous random variable is discretized.

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