We introduce a supervised learning algorithm for multilayer spiking neural networks. The algorithm overcomes a limitation of existing learning algorithms: it can be applied to neurons firing multiple spikes in artificial neural networks with hidden layers. It can also, in principle, be used with any linearizable neuron model and allows different coding schemes of spike train patterns. The algorithm is applied successfully to classic linearly nonseparable benchmarks such as the XOR problem and the Iris data set, as well as to more complex classification and mapping problems. The algorithm has been successfully tested in the presence of noise, requires smaller networks than reservoir computing, and results in faster convergence than existing algorithms for similar tasks such as SpikeProp.

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