Recent advances in weakly supervised classification allow us to train a classifier from only positive and unlabeled (PU) data. However, existing PU classification methods typically require an accurate estimate of the class-prior probability, a critical bottleneck particularly for high-dimensional data. This problem has been commonly addressed by applying principal component analysis in advance, but such unsupervised dimension reduction can collapse the underlying class structure. In this letter, we propose a novel representation learning method from PU data based on the information-maximization principle. Our method does not require class-prior estimation and thus can be used as a preprocessing method for PU classification. Through experiments, we demonstrate that our method, combined with deep neural networks, highly improves the accuracy of PU class-prior estimation, leading to state-of-the-art PU classification performance.

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