In this note, I study how the precision of a binary classifier depends on the ratio r of positive to negative cases in the test set, as well as the classifier's true and false-positive rates. This relationship allows prediction of how the precision-recall curve will change with r, which seems not to be well known. It also allows prediction of how Fβ and the precision gain and recall gain measures of Flach and Kull (2015) vary with r.

You do not currently have access to this content.