We propose a variation of the self-organizing map algorithm by considering the random placement of neurons on a two-dimensional manifold, following a blue noise distribution from which various topologies can be derived. These topologies possess random (but controllable) discontinuities that allow for a more flexible self-organization, especially with high-dimensional data. The proposed algorithm is tested on one-, two- and three-dimensional tasks, as well as on the MNIST handwritten digits data set and validated using spectral analysis and topological data analysis tools. We also demonstrate the ability of the randomized self-organizing map to gracefully reorganize itself in case of neural lesion and/or neurogenesis.

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