Hyperdimensional computing (HDC) is an emerging computational paradigm for representing compositional information as high-dimensional vectors and has a promising potential in applications ranging from machine learning to neuromorphic computing. One of the long-standing challenges in HDC is factoring a compositional representation to its constituent factors, also known as the recovery problem. In this article, we take a novel approach to solve the recovery problem and propose the use of random linear codes. These codes are subspaces over the Boolean field and are a well-studied topic in information theory with various applications in digital communication. We begin by showing that hyperdimensional encoding using random linear codes retains favorable properties of the prevalent (ordinary) random codes; hence, HD representations using the two methods have comparable information storage capabilities. We proceed to show that random linear codes offer a rich subcode structure that can be used to form key-value stores, which encapsulate the most used cases of HDC. Most important, we show that under the framework we develop, random linear codes admit simple recovery algorithms to factor (either bundled or bound) compositional representations. The former relies on constructing certain linear equation systems over the Boolean field, the solution to which reduces the search space dramatically and strictly outperforms exhaustive search in many cases. The latter employs the subspace structure of these codes to achieve provably correct factorization. Both methods are strictly faster than the state-of-the-art resonator networks, often by an order of magnitude. We implemented our techniques in Python using a benchmark software library and demonstrated promising experimental results.

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