The detection of novel or abnormal input vectors is of importance in many monitoring tasks, such as fault detection in complex systems and detection of abnormal patterns in medical diagnostics. We have developed a robust method for novelty detection, which aims to minimize the number of heuristically chosen thresholds in the novelty decision process. We achieve this by growing a gaussian mixture model to form a representation of a training set of “normal” system states. When previously unseen data are to be screened for novelty we use the same threshold as was used during training to define a novelty decision boundary. We show on a sample problem of medical signal processing that this method is capable of providing robust novelty decision boundaries and apply the technique to the detection of epileptic seizures within a data record.

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