Recent work by Becker and Hinton (1992) shows a promising mechanism, based on maximizing mutual information assuming spatial coherence, by which a system can self-organize to learn visual abilities such as binocular stereo. We introduce a more general criterion, based on Bayesian probability theory, and thereby demonstrate a connection to Bayesian theories of visual perception and to other organization principles for early vision (Atick and Redlich 1990). Methods for implementation using variants of stochastic learning are described.

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