The parametric variation in neuronal discharge according to the values of sensory or motor variables strongly influences the collective behavior of neuronal populations. A multitude of studies on the populations of broadly tuned neurons (e.g., cosine tuning) have led to such well-known computational principles as population coding, noise suppression, and line attractors. Much less is known about the properties of populations of monotonically tuned neurons. In this letter, we show that there exists an efficient weakly biased linear estimator for monotonic populations and that neural processing based on linear collective computation and least-square error learning in populations of intensity-coded neurons has specific generalization capacities.

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