It is proposed that inputs to binocular cells are gated by reciprocal inhibition between neurons located either in the lateral geniculate nucleus or in layer 4 of striate cortex. The strength of inhibitory coupling in the gating circuitry is modulated by layer 6 neurons, which are the outputs of binocular matching circuitry. If binocular inputs are matched, the inhibition is modulated to be weak, leading to fused vision, whereas if the binocular inputs are unmatched, inhibition is modulated to be strong, leading to rivalrous oscillations. These proposals are buttressed by psychophysical experiments measuring the strength of adaptational aftereffects following exposure to an adapting stimulus visible only intermittently during binocular rivalry.

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