In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in studying brain–heart interactions. Methodological advancements have been proposed to investigate how the brain and the heart communicate, leading to new insights into some neural functions. However, most frameworks look at the interaction of only one brain region with heartbeat dynamics, overlooking that the brain has functional networks that change dynamically in response to internal and external demands. We propose a new framework for assessing the functional interplay between cortical networks and cardiac dynamics from noninvasive electrophysiological recordings. We focused on fluctuating network metrics obtained from connectivity matrices of EEG data. Specifically, we quantified the coupling between cardiac sympathetic–vagal activity and brain network metrics of clustering, efficiency, assortativity, and modularity. We validate our proposal using open-source datasets: one that involves emotion elicitation in healthy individuals, and another with resting-state data from patients with Parkinson’s disease. Our results suggest that the connection between cortical network segregation and cardiac dynamics may offer valuable insights into the affective state of healthy participants, and alterations in the network physiology of Parkinson’s disease. By considering multiple network properties, this framework may offer a more comprehensive understanding of brain–heart interactions. Our findings hold promise in the development of biomarkers for diagnostic and cognitive/motor function evaluation.

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Competing Interests

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author notes

Handling Editor: Alex Fornito

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