The paper examines differences of styles of experimentation in the history of science. It presents arguments for a historization of our historial and philosophical notion of “experimentation,” which question the common view that “experimental philosophy” was the only style of experimentation in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It argues, in particular, that “experimental history” and technological inquiry were accepted styles of academic experimentation at the time. These arguments are corroborated by a careful analysis of a case study, which is embedded in a comparative historical overview.

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