Roger Ariew’s new book, Descartes and the First Cartesians (hereafter DFC and Ariew 2014), will not be a methodological surprise for those who already read his previous work, Descartes and the Last Scholastics (Ariew 1999), as well as its expanded version, Descartes Among the Scholastics (hereafter DAS and Ariew 2011). Right at the beginning of DAS, Ariew justified the title of this book in the following way:

A philosophical system cannot be studied adequately apart from the intellectual context in which it is situated. Philosophers do not usually utter propositions in a vacuum, but accept, modify or reject doctrines whose meaning and significance are given in a particular culture. Thus Cartesian philosophy should be regarded […] as a reaction against, as well as an indebtedness to, the scholastic philosophy that still dominated the intellectual climate. (Ariew 2011, p. 1)

Ariew added that it is not...

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