I critically examine Miriam Solomon’s critique of individualist normative accounts of scientific rationality and her own “social” account of scientific rationality that takes communities to be the locus of rationality. I argue that (a) scientists are not influenced in their decision making by nonepistemic factors to the extent that Solomon suggests and (b) an individualist account can show how judgmental heuristics are conducive to scientific success. I also argue that Solomon’s account of rationality cannot guide us when we do not yet know what is most conducive to scientific success. Consequently, I offer a defense of internalist individualist accounts of rationality and suggest that what is social about rationality are the standards of epistemic responsibility.
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June 01 1997
K. Brad Wray
University of Western Ontario
Online ISSN: 1530-9274
Print ISSN: 1063-6145
©1997 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
Perspectives on Science (1997) 5 (2): 232–254.
K. Brad Wray; Rational Communities. Perspectives on Science 1997; 5 (2): 232–254. doi: https://doi.org/10.1162/posc_a_00525
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