Can procedural reforms improve judicial efficiency? And do improvements in judicial efficiency benefit firms? We combine the staggered rollout of a reform that required judges in Senegal to complete pretrials within four months with high-frequency caseload data and firm tax filings. The reform improved judicial efficiency, with no effect on quality. Firm monthly revenues drop by 8–11% upon entering pretrial and decline by on average 3.2–5.0% for every hundred days a case spends in pretrial. Survey results show firms are willing to pay higher legal fees to achieve postreform speed, suggesting positive benefits of the reform on firms.

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