This paper studies exchange rate pass-through in U.S. manufacturing industries and its cross-sectional variation. Through an adapted Dixit–Stiglitz model of product differentiation, the paper predicts that pass-through is positively related to the degree of product differentiation and inversely related to the elasticity of marginal cost with respect to output. Empirical estimates of the pass-through elasticities show that pass-through is incomplete and varies across industries. The degree of pass-through is found to be positively correlated to different proxies for product differentiation, and negatively to a proxy for the elasticity of marginal cost.

This content is only available as a PDF.