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Table 6:
Comparison of the performance of the memetic algorithm using 100,000 fitness function evaluations and early stopping. The table shows the win/loss record of each algorithm in the column against the algorithm in the row, the p-value of a two-tailed sign test on the win/loss record, ps, and the p-value of the Wilcoxon test, pw. Significant differences at a confidence level of 95% are marked with a tick (✓).
Compared MethodEarly stopping
Testing error   
 100,000 win/loss 35/18 
 ps 0.0270 ✓ 
 R+/R 376.0/1,164.0 
 pw 0.0010 ✓ 
Storage requirements   
 100,000 win/loss 17/33 
 ps 0.0328 ✓ 
 R+/R 1,125.5/414.5 
 pw 0.0029 ✓ 
Compared MethodEarly stopping
Testing error   
 100,000 win/loss 35/18 
 ps 0.0270 ✓ 
 R+/R 376.0/1,164.0 
 pw 0.0010 ✓ 
Storage requirements   
 100,000 win/loss 17/33 
 ps 0.0328 ✓ 
 R+/R 1,125.5/414.5 
 pw 0.0029 ✓ 
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