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Table 1. 
Papers on Spillovers from FDI in the PRC
Author(s)YearsDependent VariableMeasure of Foreign PresenceResult
Wei and Liu (2006)  1998–2001 Output Shares of output, employment, capital Negative at a national level, positive at a province level 
Liu (2008)  1995–1999 TFP Share of output Short-term negative effects, long-term positive effects 
Abraham et al. (2010)  2002–2004 TFP Share of sales Positive 
Du, Harrison, and Jefferson (2011)  1998–2007 Output Share of output Positive 
Du, Harrison, and Jefferson (2012)  1998–2007 Output Share of output Positive 
Girma and Gong (2008)  1999–2002 TFP Share of output No effect 
Xu and Sheng (2012)  2000–2003 TFP Share of output Mixed 
Author(s)YearsDependent VariableMeasure of Foreign PresenceResult
Wei and Liu (2006)  1998–2001 Output Shares of output, employment, capital Negative at a national level, positive at a province level 
Liu (2008)  1995–1999 TFP Share of output Short-term negative effects, long-term positive effects 
Abraham et al. (2010)  2002–2004 TFP Share of sales Positive 
Du, Harrison, and Jefferson (2011)  1998–2007 Output Share of output Positive 
Du, Harrison, and Jefferson (2012)  1998–2007 Output Share of output Positive 
Girma and Gong (2008)  1999–2002 TFP Share of output No effect 
Xu and Sheng (2012)  2000–2003 TFP Share of output Mixed 

FDI = foreign direct investment, PRC = People's Republic of China, TFP = total factor productivity.

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