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Table 4. 
Accounting for Changes in National Inequality, the Early 1990s and Late 2000s
Change in National Inequality [GE(0)] between 1990s and 2000s
Contribution (% share)
xKL1L2Residual
India 0.039 (100) 0.005 (13.7) 0.02 (50.0) 0.005 (12.6) 0.009 (23.3) 0.000 (0.4) 
PRC 0.149 (100) −0.003 (−2.3) 0.05 (33.4) 0.035 (23.5) 0.064 (42.6) 0.004 (2.9) 
Indonesia 0.039 (100) 0.021 (54.0) −0.001 (−1.7) 0.016 (42.3) 0.003 (6.6) 0.000 (−1.1) 
Philippines 0.004 (100) 0.013 (308.1) −0.002 (−54.9) −0.018 (−419.8) 0.012 (247.3) −0.000 (−7.6) 
Change in National Inequality [GE(0)] between 1990s and 2000s
Contribution (% share)
xKL1L2Residual
India 0.039 (100) 0.005 (13.7) 0.02 (50.0) 0.005 (12.6) 0.009 (23.3) 0.000 (0.4) 
PRC 0.149 (100) −0.003 (−2.3) 0.05 (33.4) 0.035 (23.5) 0.064 (42.6) 0.004 (2.9) 
Indonesia 0.039 (100) 0.021 (54.0) −0.001 (−1.7) 0.016 (42.3) 0.003 (6.6) 0.000 (−1.1) 
Philippines 0.004 (100) 0.013 (308.1) −0.002 (−54.9) −0.018 (−419.8) 0.012 (247.3) −0.000 (−7.6) 

k = urban–rural income ratio, L1 = urban inequality, L2 = rural inequality, x = share of urban population.

Note: Figures in parentheses are percentage shares.

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