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Table 6. 
Percent Contribution of Circumstance Variables to Inequality of Opportunity for Primary Education, 6–11 Years
CountrySurvey YearGenderArea of Residence (urban/rural)Per Capita Household ExpenditureAge of Household HeadGender of Household HeadEducation Level of Household HeadHousehold Size
Indonesia 2009 0.9* 12.4* 74.6* 4.5* –0.0 3.4* 4.0* 
Philippines 2002 0.8* 1.3 95.2* 0.6* 0.2 0.3* 1.7* 
Viet Nam 2008 0.1 10.5 72.8* 0.0 –0.4 6.3* 10.7* 
Bangladesh 2000 2.8* –2.7* 97.1* –0.0 0.7 2.1* –0.0 
Bhutan 2007 0.2 16.1* 77.6* –1.1 0.9* 6.8* –0.5 
Sri Lanka 2009–2010 0.4 5.1* 76.4 3.8 2.1 0.0 12.1* 
Pakistan 2007–2008 5.8* 10.5* 60.6* –0.0* 2.4* 20.5* 0.2 
CountrySurvey YearGenderArea of Residence (urban/rural)Per Capita Household ExpenditureAge of Household HeadGender of Household HeadEducation Level of Household HeadHousehold Size
Indonesia 2009 0.9* 12.4* 74.6* 4.5* –0.0 3.4* 4.0* 
Philippines 2002 0.8* 1.3 95.2* 0.6* 0.2 0.3* 1.7* 
Viet Nam 2008 0.1 10.5 72.8* 0.0 –0.4 6.3* 10.7* 
Bangladesh 2000 2.8* –2.7* 97.1* –0.0 0.7 2.1* –0.0 
Bhutan 2007 0.2 16.1* 77.6* –1.1 0.9* 6.8* –0.5 
Sri Lanka 2009–2010 0.4 5.1* 76.4 3.8 2.1 0.0 12.1* 
Pakistan 2007–2008 5.8* 10.5* 60.6* –0.0* 2.4* 20.5* 0.2 

*= estimated coefficient found to be statistically significant at the 5% level in the logit regression model of the probability of school attendance among the primary-school-age children, 6–11 years.

Source: Author's calculations based on household surveys.

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