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Table 4. 
Actual Size versus Efficient Size
Efficient firm size relative to actual firm size
2000–2009 (average)0%–50%50%–100%100%–200%200%+Total
Actual firm size      
Top quartile 5.1 5.5 5.7 8.7 25.0 
Second quartile 8.0 5.6 4.6 6.8 25.0 
Third quartile 9.1 6.3 4.4 5.2 25.0 
Bottom quartile 13.7 5.1 3.0 3.1 25.0 
Total 36.0 22.4 17.6 23.9 100.0 
Efficient firm size relative to actual firm size
2000–2009 (average)0%–50%50%–100%100%–200%200%+Total
Actual firm size      
Top quartile 5.1 5.5 5.7 8.7 25.0 
Second quartile 8.0 5.6 4.6 6.8 25.0 
Third quartile 9.1 6.3 4.4 5.2 25.0 
Bottom quartile 13.7 5.1 3.0 3.1 25.0 
Total 36.0 22.4 17.6 23.9 100.0 

Notes: The rows are the actual firm size quartiles with equal numbers of firms. The columns are the bins of efficient firm size relative to actual firm size. We classify firms into four bins by the value added of firms. For example, 0%–50% means that the firm size would be less than half of the actual firm size if all distortions were removed. Similarly, 200%+ means that the firm size would be more than double without distortions. The entries are the shares of firms (averaged over the period).

Source: Authors’ calculations based on Government of Viet Nam, General Statistics Office. Annual Survey of Enterprises. https://www.gso.gov.vn/default_en.aspx?tabid=479&idmid=5

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